Friday, February 15, 2019
More lessons learned COIN! Indian style! Counter-insurgency [COIN] Punjab.
Additionally thanks to the South Asian Terrorism Portal [SATP] and the article by K. P. S. Gill.
The Punjab Campaign again! According to K.P.S. Gill:
"The movement [Sikh separatists] for the creation of Khalistan was one of the most virulent terrorist campaigns in the world. Launched in the early 1980s by a group of bigots who discovered their justification in a perversion of the Sikh religious identity, and supported by a gaggle of political opportunists both within the country and abroad, this movement had consumed 21,469 lives before it was comprehensively defeated in 1993."
"Endgame In Punjab: 1988-1993"
DEFICIENCIES AT THE START OF THE COUNTER-INSURGENCY CAMPAIGN AS IDENTIFIED BY GIL!
"Specifically, the problems that required immediate redress, and the steps taken to tackle them – albeit gradually, and in a process that was often frustrated by the lack of means and support from the political leadership – included"
i. "Inadequacy of the police stations to react to terrorist violence on their own"
ii. "Extremely unfavorable ratio of operational to static and non-productive force in manpower utilization"
iii. "Infiltration of the police by elements sympathetic to the terrorist cause, and deep communal divisions within and between various police and para-military units"
iv. "Near-complete absence of systematic intelligence gathering and analysis"
v. "Absence of a coherent strategy of response to terrorist activity"
vi. "The failure of police leadership"
Once more, those security forces [SF's] of India probably the most proficient and adept in the entire world at COIN. Lots of experience with a well thought out methodology, results speaking for themselves.