Sunday, February 3, 2019
ONLY in the most vague way was I aware of this phenomenon. Devoted readers to the blog the same?
German combat units as organized during the Great War at divisional-level the intent strictly [?] to be used for counter-attack. Eingreif!
"Eingreif division is a term for a type of German Army formation of World War I, which developed in 1917, which was responsible for engaging in immediate counter-attacks (Gegenstoße) against enemy troops who broke through a defensive position being held by a front-holding division (Stellungsdivision)."
"During the Battle of the Somme (1 July – 18 November 1916), the use of defensive lines began to evolve into the defence of the areas between them, using the local troops of the trench holding divisions and Ablösungsdivisionen (relief divisions), held back beyond the range of Franco-British artillery, to replace front line divisions as they became exhausted. In the winter of 1916–1917, the use of such divisions and the fortified zones between trench lines was codified and divisions trained in the new defensive tactics. Training was based on the experience of the defensive battles of 1916 and the new principles of fortification, to provide the infrastructure for the new system of defensive battle by Stellungsdivisionen and Eingreifdivisionen (counter-attack divisions)."
German combat units WW1 as institutionalized and having a mission strictly [?] of counter-attack. Defense is the stronger form of combat Stellungsdivision consisting of troops of less than stellar quality [?] but able to perform that defensive mission in an adequate manner, but COUNTER-ATTACK not required of them.
Eingreif consisting of troops of much more able quality beyond that of a front-holding unit? Such was the situation with positional warfare during that period.