This is coolbert:
"He [King of England] has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harrass our people, and eat out their substance." - - T. Jefferson, Declaration of Independence.
Hither and thither they swarm. Agents of The Crown. Some using special axes to mark trees as Crown Property for harvesting only by the Crown for Crown purposes. That primary purpose timber reserved for the Royal Navy [RN]. "Substance" of the colonial subjects stolen without regard to payment.
From a recent article as seen at the Internet web site Strategy Page:
"December 1, 2020: The oldest ship in the U.S. Navy, and one that is still in commission (active), is the sail powered frigate USS Constitution. In reality this is a memorial and museum ship and the 'commissioned' status is basically honorary. The two-century old Constitution can no longer sail, or fight but it is maintained and kept afloat. To do that, one of the oldest naval traditions, the naval forest reserve, is still observed. The U.S. Navy maintains a grove of white oak trees in Indiana. White oak provides some of the hardest and sturdiest timbers that were used to build the Constitution and ships like her. It was not for nothing that the Constitution was called 'old ironsides' because some cannon balls that would penetrate the hulls of other ships instead bounced off the Constitution’s white oak hull."
My understanding is that white oak a major timber used in the construction of the USS Constitution. The planking on the sides [hull] of the ship however the wood of the live oak preferred.
"During the American Revolution a major reason for Britain holding on to the American colonies was the enormous quantities of ship-quality lumber that was available. Rulers of sea-faring nations had always paid attention to obtaining prime ship building timber and by the 18th century the demand was enormous. Britain was the largest user of such lumber."
Britain prior to the American Revolution harvesting American white pine trees of prodigious size from the forests of New England. Crown property as marked by agents of The Crown, those most perfect specimens chosen. The forests of Scandinavia no longer able to provide "prime ship building timber" of sufficient quantity and size as needed by the RN.
CRANE DIVISION THE SECOND LARGEST AMERICAN NAVAL BASE. YET LOCATED MANY HUNDREDS OF MILES [KILOMETERS] FROM THE NEAREST OCEAN. GO FIGURE!
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