Sunday, October 13, 2019

Sworbe.

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The Sworbe Pocket. Germans under the command of Field Marshal Ferdinand Schörner.

Hold out! To the end! No retreat! Terrain of no great value!


Thanks to You Tube video. Sworbe I had never heard of. 

Consider: 1. Sworbe yet one more example of German senior officers acting in a manner [after discussion perhaps?] contrary to the explicit and direct orders of Hitler himself. 2. Also one more instance of the successful reverse amphibious operation. Amphibious operations considered to the most difficult of all military tasks. Such an operation while under intense pressure even more so. 3. Ferdinand Schörner having so strongly encouraged his men to fight under hopeless conditions at the very end of WW2 himself donned a civilian suit and was flown out of the battle area to surrender to American forces.

coolbert.


Schörner.

This is coolbert:

The good, the bad, the ugly! German style WW2.

Conclusion.

The bad! Ferdinand Schörner.

"Ferdinand Schörner . . . was a German army officer and Nazi war criminal. He was a general and later Field Marshal in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II. He commanded several army groups and was the last Commander-in-chief of the German Army."

"Schörner is commonly represented in historical literature as a simple disciplinarian and a slavish devotee of Hitler's defensive orders, after Germany lost the initiative in second half of World War II 1942/43. More recent research . . . depicts Schörner as a talented commander with 'astonishing' organizational ability in managing an army group of 500,000 men during the fighting in late 1944 on the Eastern Front. He was harsh against superiors as well as subordinates and carried out operations on his own authority against Hitler's orders when he considered it necessary"

THE STEREOTYPICAL UNREPENTANT NAZI! BUT NOT IN ALL CASES SO ABSOLUTELY OBEDIENT TO HITLER, DEFYING DIRECT ORDERS IN SOME INSTANCES.

FERDINAND A SENIOR COMMANDER MOST NOTED FOR HIS SUMMARY EXECUTIONS OF GERMAN SOLDIERS THOUGHT TO BE DESERTING, MALINGERING OR SHIRKING!

Within the context of "organizational ability" the German generals during World War Two noted for their ability on very short notice to form ad hoc credible fighting units. Making bricks without straw!

coolbert.


Schwerin.

This is coolbert:

The good, the bad, the ugly! German WW2 style.

And as is germane to several recent previous blog entries. See here and here.

The good. Von Schwerin.

"Gerhard Helmut Detleff Graf von Schwerin . . . was a German General der Panzertruppe during World War II."

German general officer of distinguished ability during the Second World War. And a man it seems to a degree a free-thinker.

Legacy prior to the war [WW2], during the war and after the war controversial

The type of German officer in the Prussian style as despised by Hitler. A German officer in the Prussian style a reactionary as Hitler would have deemed, not so much anti-Nazi but rather desiring a return to the days of the German Empire and rule by the Kaiser.

Schwerin making intimations to the British prior to September 1939 that the German officer corps under certain exact circumstances be willing to replace Hitler and the Nazi regime with a government more amenable to the western allies England and France.

Schwerin in disobedience to direct orders from Hitler attempting [unsuccessfully] to surrender the German city of Aachen intact without a fight to the American forces [1944]. Schwerin lucky he was not executed.

Finally Schwerin as a driving force post-war the creation of the Bundeswehr. A kindlier and gentler but still effective and respected German army.

"In May 1950 Schwerin was appointed to the post of chief advisor on military issues and security policy to the Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, and head of the covert government agency . . . responsible for the reconstruction of West Germany's military whilst under American occupation during the Cold War."

Schwerin undoubtedly a complex character!

coolbert.



Friday, October 11, 2019

Sail.

This is coolbert:

"The fairwater sail or bridge fin is a totally undesirable appendage when viewed from any hydrodynamic or hydrostatic aspect or, indeed, from any other aspect including stealth." - - Javier Silvano Arzola.

Sailless submarine?

From the Internet web site of H I Sutton and thanks to same.

"Chinese Navy’s New Mystery Submarine"

"China continues to surprise the defense world. It is probably the only country on earth who can build a full-size submarine without any details leaking out."

"This submarine is a unique design which has no sail to speak of. All other submarines have this fin-like structure rising up from the middle of the deck where the periscope goes. Until now it has been a defining characteristic of a submarine: this boat is flatter and has a tiny bump where the sail should go."


No sail but a slight bump. Image thanks to H. I. Sutton.

Also from the Internet web site of H. I. Sutton see an entire article as devoted to the sailless concept. As if the idea has never been proposed before. Various nations including the Soviet Union, USA and France have see an obvious advantage to the sailless submarine but never became an accomplished fact.

coolbert.


Folly.

This is coolbert:

WARNING! If you are an American and view this You Tube video be prepared for a painful experience. Not easy to watch and listen to but within context of the Vietnam War aspects that hardly can be denied.

Thanks to the tip from Nicky in this instance.

"A presentation and reading by Hamilton Gregory, author of 'McNamara's Folly: The Use of Low-IQ Troops in the Vietnam.' Because so many college students were avoiding military service during the Vietnam War, Defense Secretary Robert McNamara lowered mental standards to induct 354,000 low-IQ men. Their death toll in combat was appalling."


Assets of using low-IQ troops far outweighed by the debits. Persons 1. Did not want to be in the army in the first place AND had no reason being drafted anyhow. 2. Beyond that did not want to be in Vietnam even more so. Mr. Hamilton certainly knows the subject matter well from intimate experience and also is an excellent and persuasive speaker

Not mentioned is that quite often low-IQ troops having severe discipline problems and often discharged with less than honorable duty status. A big red-flag for future employment in whatever capacity. Benefits as normally due the veteran also denied.

Combat losses described as appalling. Combat losses not only to the low-IQ GI but also fellow soldiers as well.

Dolorous in the extreme and a situation we hope never occurs again!

coolbert.


Thursday, October 10, 2019

Phalanx.

This is coolbert:

Consider this a must watch. TURN YOUR SPEAKERS UP HIGH!

Israeli air defense in action. Rocket artillery as fired from Lebanon toward Israeli targets incoming rocket artillery intercepted and shot down by Phalanx. Rapid fire 20 mm cannon with awesome fire power radar guided and automated when switched on, beyond the control of human operators.

Phalanx in the U.S. Navy inventory for some time. Was not aware a ground-based version existed. Now getting a real-world combat test and found to be not wanting. Honestly, I am even surprised as to the almost overwhelming effectiveness of the system.

Daleks. Salt shakers at work. Watch and enjoy and thanks to the tip from Chuckie.


Rocket artillery rounds I believe of the Soviet era GRAD 122 mm variety or an Iranian knock-off. I guess the only consideration for the defender is not to run out of ammunition. A spectacle and an indication that American military innovation and engineering not lacking in the slightest.

coolbert.


Wednesday, October 9, 2019

Lucius.

This is coolbert:

Also from Strategy Page Professor Al Nofi CIC # 475 in finality one more Roman soldier as mentioned by Pliny the Elder a contender for that military man possessing conspicuous courageous behavior and valor on the battlefield!

Lucius Siccius Dentatus.

"Lucius Siccius or Sicinius Dentatus (died circa 450 BC) was a Roman soldier . . . famed for his martial bravery. He was a champion of the plebeians in their struggle with the patricians. His cognomen Dentatus means 'born with teeth."

"Cognomen - - A cognomen was the third name of a citizen of ancient Rome, under Roman naming conventions . . . Hereditary cognomina were used to augment the second name in order to identify a particular branch within a family or family within a clan"

According to Pliny the Elder, over his lifetime Siccius had fought in 120 battles, received 45 honorable wounds . . . Siccius was eight times champion in single combat, with forty five scars on the front of his body and none on the rear.

They just don't make them like Lucius anymore, do they?

coolbert.




Monday, October 7, 2019

Prosthesis.

This is coolbert:

 “What person has possessed the most outstanding courage is a subject of unending enquiry.”
- - Pliny the Elder.

The military man as a result of combat losing a limb. Subsequently being fitted with a prosthesis and continuing the fight and doing so quite successfully qualifies as an indication of great courage and will!

Thanks once more to the Professor Al Nofi CIC #475:

Marcus Sergius Silus:

". . . nobody, in my judgment [Pliny] at all events, can rightly rank any human being above Marcus Sergius, albeit his great-grandson Catilina diminishes the credit of his name.

"Sergius lost his right hand in his second campaign. By the end of two further campaigns, he had been wounded twenty-three times, with the result that he was crippled in both hands and both feet, only his spirit being intact; yet although disabled, he served in numerous subsequent campaigns."

Sergius even when disabled fitted with a prosthesis and continuing to fight in the thick of the fray.

"Sergius had a right hand of iron made for himself and going into action with it tied to his arm, raised the siege of Cremona [c. 206-207 BC], saved Piacenza [209 BC], captured twelve enemy camps". .

Additionally:

From more modern times two instances of military men, aviators both, fitted with prosthesis and continuing to engage in mortal combat with the enemy, and most successfully so.

1. "Sir Douglas Bader, WW2. RAF. Dogsbody"

"Group Captain Sir Douglas Robert Steuart Bader  . . . was a Royal Air Force flying ace during the Second World War."

PRIOR TO THE WAR BADER HAS LOST BOTH LEGS WHILE PERFORMING AEROBATICS. WAS RECALLED TO FLIGHT STATUS WHEN WW2 BEGAN AND FLEW MOST COURAGEOUSLY UNTIL HIS CAPTURE. AS AN ACT OF CHIVALRY THE GERMAN ALLOWING THE RAF TO DROP SPARE PROSTHESIS TO BADER DURING HIS CAPTIVITY.

2. Hans-Ulrich Rudel. Eagle of the East. WW2.

"Hans-Ulrich Rudel . . . was a German ground-attack pilot during World War II. Rudel was the most decorated German serviceman of World War II"

"On 8 February 1945, Rudel was badly wounded in the right foot, and landed inside German lines . . .  Rudel's leg was amputated below the knee. He returned to flying on 25 March 1945. He claimed 26 more tanks destroyed by the end of the war."

ONLY SIX WEEKS AFTER LOSING THE LOWER HALF OF HIS RIGHT LEG RUDEL BACK AT THE CONTROLS AND FIGHTING UNTIL WARS END, QUITE VALIANTLY SO!

Some may take exception as to the inclusion of Rudel but I am taking only into account the military man who receiving a grievous wound and yet continues to fight with prosthesis.

coolbert.




Sunday, October 6, 2019

Silus.

This is coolbert:

“What person has possessed the most outstanding courage is a subject of unending enquiry.” - - Pliny the Elder.

Thanks to the Strategy Page CIC # 475 article by Professor Al Nofi, as extracted and heavily edited.

Achievements of valor + achievements of fortune. Fortune = luck.

That most outstanding individual Roman soldier of antiquity according to Pliny:

Marcus Sergius Silus [ 240 BC until some time after 197 BC.]

"'. . . nobody, in my judgment [Pliny the Elder] at all events, can rightly rank any human being above Marcus Sergius, albeit his great-grandson Catilina diminishes the credit of his name.'"

"'Sergius lost his right hand in his second campaign. By the end of two further campaigns, he had been wounded twenty-three times, with the result that he was crippled in both hands and both feet, only his spirit being intact; yet although disabled, he served in numerous subsequent campaigns'".

Consider from much modern times [WW1 and WW2] military commanders as wounded repeatedly yet continuing to lead from the front. Individuals for better or worse to include:

* Hyacinth von Strachwitz. Fourteen wounding.

* Bernard Freyberg. Nine wounding.

* Robert Frederick. Eight wounding.

* Oskar Dirlewanger. Twelve wounding.

* Ralph Monclar. 100 % disability.

Bernard Freyberg also during a time of war sustaining non-combat related injury all the while suffering a heart ailment??

Some may take exception to the inclusion of Oscar Dirlewanger but I speak only of repeated wounding and nothing more.

coolbert.



Saturday, October 5, 2019

Reactionary.

This is coolbert:

Within context of the Second World War [WW2] some tidbits regarding the German officer corps.

1. The German professional officer corps during the Second World War [WW2] as described by Hitler a "reactionary" force. Meaning those officers greatly desiring a return of Imperial German rule as was during the time of the Kaiser and a societal status for the military elite as was the case prior to the Great War [WW1].

2. In the aftermath of WW2 almost all German flag officer [general or admiral] placed under arrest by the victorious allied powers. Subject to interrogation and possibly charged with war crimes. That only significant exception Captain Rogge of the surface raider Atlantis. Rogge [later promoted to Admiral] his wartime conduct exemplary and chivalrous in the extreme.

3. German lower-ranking officers post-war engaging in political dialogue with native German speakers of the allied occupying powers. Political dialogue the purpose of which was to convince the future leadership of German society that rehabilitation was possible if fascist tendencies and mores abandoned in favor of Christian, democratic and capitalist ideals. Henry Kissinger one such native German speaker of the allied occupying powers.

4. Consider also even before there was a Bundeswehr there were re-constituted German military units  [allied power auspices] under the command of naval officer Hans Rudolf Rösing.

German naval personnel the task of which was naval-mine clearing. Dangerous duty in the extreme but essential. Rösing a successful U-boat captain during the war having spent a year under arrest finding suitable employment for himself and his band of German volunteers.

Rösing also achieving the rank of flag officer [admiral] post-war.

You put the mines there, now go get them out!

coolbert.


Heusinger.

This is coolbert:

From the Internet web site GalacticConnection this item. Thanks to GalacticConnection.

1. "HITLER’S CHIEF OF STAFF LATER BECAME NATO’S CHIEF OF STAFF"

"Adolf Beuno Heinrich Ernst Heusinger . . . was a German military officer, whose career spanned the German Empire, the Weimar Republic, Nazi Germany and West Germany . . . He served as acting Chief of the General Staff of the Army for two weeks in 1944 . . . He later became a general for West Germany and served as head of the West German military from 1957 to 1961 as well as Chairman of the NATO Military Committee from 1961 to 1964."

CHIEF OF STAFF [OPERATIONS AND PLANNING] OF THE WEHRMACHT FOR TWO WEEKS!

"So instead of facing trial and paying for the crimes he committed, this war criminal who personally signed orders to murder allied POW’s during the war, this human trash that helped Hitler plan and carry out the atrocities and war crimes that the German army perpetuated in Europe and Russia, this psychopathic murderer was allowed to rebuild the West German army and later to become one of NATO‘s heads in Europe."

Additionally and within context thanks to the Internet web site Quora:

2. "How many former Wehrmacht generals helped form the new Bundeswehr?"

Ten flag officers of either general or admiral rank. Those named:

*- Hans Speidel *- Friedrich Foertsch *- Adolf Heusinger *- Friedrich Ruge (Vice Admiral) *- Walter Gladisch (Admiral) *- Robert Knauss *- Fridolin von Senger und Etterlin *- Rudolf Meister *- Hans Röttiger *- Heinrich von Vietinghoff-Scheel

IT CAN ARGUED THAT THESE MEN WERE EXPERTS ON HOW TO FIGHT THE SOVIET RED ARMY AND ALSO AT THE SAME TIME EXPERTS ON HOW TO NOT FIGHT THE SOVIET RED ARMY?

3. "About how many former Wehrmacht and SS members joined the Bundeswehr?"

Considering Wehrmacht alone:

"According to the German government, in 1956 (the new German Army, Bundeswehr, was founded in 1955), 31 Generals (out of a total of 38) and 100 Colonels (237) were former soldiers of the Wehrmacht."

Regarding the (Waffen) SS:

"In 1961, 159 former SS officers, 330 former SS NCO’s and 210 former SS soldiers 'after rigorous screening' were allowed to serve as professional soldiers in the new German Army."

SS Mann as having been "screened" and almost all [if not all] having served at a lower level of command or merely a low-ranking troop. Screened as to participation in the OTHER THINGS. Devoted readers to the blog will know what I refer to as the OTHER THINGS!

Waffen SS the fighting arm of the SS. As to be distinguished [not entirely so] from those SS men that ran the death camps.

ONCE MORE, BUNDESWEHR TROOPS FORMERLY WEHRMACHT AND SS EXPERTS ON THE HOW TO AND HOW NOT TO FIGHT THE SOVIET RED ARMY? EXPERTISE IN THIS REGARD  BY OTHER CONSTITUENT MEMBERS OF NATO TOTALLY LACKING!

coolbert.





Friday, October 4, 2019

Voronezh.

This is coolbert:

"Work continues on the construction of new radar stations for the missile early warning network in the Komi Republic and the Murmansk region. These works are planned to be completed in 2022,"

From Sputnik Russian Internet media and copyright by same.

"Russia Rolls Out Missile Early Warning Systems in Arctic"

Not however Steelyard, Druga-2, or the Russian Woodpecker. Radars early-warning [EW] of the anti-ballistic missile variety.

"MOSCOW (Sputnik) - Two new Voronezh-type missile early warning radars will become operational in 2022 in the Komi Republic and the Murmansk region in northern Russia"

From the wiki we can glean some info as to the latest Russian anti-ballistic missile radar. Voronezh.

"Voronezh radars . . . are the current generation of Russian early-warning radar, providing long distance monitoring of airspace against ballistic missile attack and aircraft monitoring."

"Voronezh-DM (77Ya6-DM) works in the decimeter range (UHF) . . . At a distance of 8000 km [5,000 miles], the radar can detect targets the size of a 'football ball'."

Radar the operating frequency in the VHF and UHF range:

Voronezh-M: 150–200 MHz (VHF)
Voronezh-DM: 0.1 m wavelength (UHF)

NO WORRY OF VORONEZH IN ANY FORM DISRUPTING THE HIGH FREQUENCY INTERNATIONAL BROADCAST BANDS. THE WOODPECKER DOES NOT LIVE! AND WE ARE ALL THE BETTER FOR IT!

coolbert.




Wednesday, October 2, 2019

Engines II.

This is coolbert:

Engines B-52. Conclusion!

Eight is better than four?

Further comment with regard to re-engining the B-52H bomber.

From conversation with an acknowledge aviation authority and thanks profusely to same:

"retrofit - - to replace existing parts, equipment, etc., with updated parts or systems".

"I like the simpler idea of replacing one-for-one rather than one-for-two, with the slightly more powerful thrust options of 18-20,000lbs substituting for today’s 17,000lbs while not overpowering a wing designed aerodynamically and structurally for the 17,000lb engines."

"Replacing two engines in each pod with one bigger, more powerful engine might indeed give more thrust, but would lead to weight and asymmetric thrust issues, plus the need to reroute the double fuel, electric, and hydraulics lines coming from the wings into each twin engine pod, requiring yet more redesign and and restructuring problems for the wings. Replacing the present eight engines with eight similar sized engines (to the current engines), albeit with a slightly improved thrust, would result in minimal wing strengthening problems and asymmetric thrust problems that have already been resolved by the present design. That latter proposal, coupled with no need to reroute/redesign the electrical, hydraulic, and fuel lines going into the pods would make it a more viable and feasible option"

"A pilot always likes a bit more thrust than the designers and manufacturers give us, but, as in the suggested larger engines, replacing two with one, there can be too much of a good thing"

WOW! And thank you acknowledged aviation authority. Without question your authority in such matters fully 100 % acknowledged! We are all the better for your insights!

coolbert.



Engines I.

This is coolbert:

Once more with regard to the B-52H models being retrofitted consider the topic of re-engining what it is called.

"A re-engining of the B-52 fleet has been explored for many years, and previously focused on replacing the eight original low-bypass Pratt and Whitney TF33 turbofans with four much bigger turbofans . . . The USAF has now decided to replace the 17,000-pound-thrust TF33s with 'engines of a similar size, weight, and thrust.'”

COMMERCIALLY OBTAINABLE ENGINES OF MUCH MORE MODERN DESIGN!

"Rolls-Royce is proposing its BR725 turbofan rated at 17,000 pounds' maximum thrust, as found on the Gulfstream G650 business jet . . . A Rolls-Royce spokesman told AIN that if F130 engines were selected for the B-52, they would be assembled and tested in the US."

OFF TO WORK WE GO WITH BUSINESS JET ENGINES?

"A spokesman for GE Aviation told AIN [ainonline] that it would offer two re-engining options for the B-52: the CF34-10 which powers regional airliners and is rated at 18-20,000lbs, or the Passport engine rated at 18-20,000lbs and which was recently certified for the Bombardier Global 7000 business jet."

AGAIN, OFF TO WORK WE GO WITH BUSINESS JET ENGINES FOR THE B-52?

FOUR OR EIGHT? THAT IS THE QUESTION? MORE TO FOLLOW!

coolbert.


Tuesday, October 1, 2019

SWING.

This is coolbert:

Swing low sweet chariot, coming for to bring you home? Hardly!

Upgrades and improvements to the B-52H force to include a variety of new weapons.

Part and parcel of the SWING program. SWING (Smart Weapons Integration Next Generation).

1. AGM-158 JASSM. Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile.

"The AGM-158 JASSM (Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile) is a low observable standoff air-launched cruise missile developed by Lockheed Martin for the United States Armed Forces"

2. Long Range Stand Off Weapon. LRSO.

"The Long Range Stand Off Weapon (LRSO) is a nuclear-armed air-launched cruise missile (ALCM) under development that will replace AGM-86 ALCM."

B-52 FUNCTIONING AS A STAND-OFF WEAPONS DELIVERY SYSTEM.

3. GBU-43/B Massive Ordnance Air Blast (MOAB).

"The GBU-43/B Massive Ordnance Air Blast (MOAB) commonly known as "Mother of All Bombs") is a large-yield bomb, developed for the United States military . . . it was [is] said to be the most powerful non-nuclear weapon in the American arsenal."

MOAB mounted on pylons [strengthened?]. Previously MOAB only carried by air transport/special operations aircraft.

Hardly also "improvements" scarcely limited to munitions alone as listed in # 1, # 2 and number # 3.

4. ADM-160 MALD.

"The ADM-160 MALD (Miniature Air-Launched Decoy) is a decoy missile developed by the United States."

Quail decoy supplanted by MALD. Quail still in the inventory?

5. Sniper Advanced Targeting Pod.

"Sniper pod. The Lockheed Martin Sniper is a targeting pod for military aircraft that provides positive target identification, autonomous tracking, GPS coordinate generation, and precise weapons guidance from extended standoff ranges"

AGAIN THE B-62 FUNCTION PRIMARILY AS A STAND-OFF DELIVERY SYSTEM WITH GLOBAL REACH!

6. PDU-5B dispenser unit.

"The PDU-5/B is an aircraft-deployed leaflet dispersal unit. It is derived from the CBU-100 'Rockeye' Cluster Bomb, developed by the U.S. Air Force around 1999".

On the wings of our B-52 we bring our surrender leaflets to you?? First leaflets, then MOAB? Take your pick.

coolbert.