Tuesday, December 18, 2018

FoOF.

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Flags of Our Fathers! But much more than that!

USMC Iwo Jima and the famous flag raising. Consider also Sons of Flag Raising!

Without comment or further ado:


That classic iconic World War Two image of the American Marines [USMC] raising the flag over Mt. Suribachi, Iwo Jima.


Courtesy the famous British graffiti artist Banksy. I am not sure what the message [if indeed a message exists] is!


Once more courtesy Banksy. In this instance the message quite clear. American cultural influence pervasive and all-victorious. McDonald's the restaurant chain to be found all over the world.


What is described as masked Feteh Palestinian fighters raise their flag. The Palestinian people eventually triumphant over the oppressive Israeli?


Iranian propaganda cartoon. American, British and Israeli flags being raised. Please note those flags being raised upon a mountain of human skulls!!


 In the spirit of the season and good cheer to all.

Iconic American image from wartime as adapted by various persons for various reasons. In each and every instance take what you want out of it.

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N N 3.

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Pitch, roll, yaw!

The French submarine Robert Surcouf [N N 3]. French naval vessel from the inter-war era [WW1 and WW2], at the time the LARGEST submarine in the world.

With an unconventional mission. A submarine designed primarily to engage enemy targets using naval gunfire! Organic dual 203 mm [eight inch] naval guns with extraordinary range. A formidable capability. Surcouf the mission as envisioned as a commerce raider, destroy enemy merchant shipping.

That mission of Surcouf commensurate with the French naval doctrine of Jeune Ecole from the era of the late Nineteenth Century?

"Surcouf . . . an 'underwater heavy cruiser', intended to seek and engage in surface combat"

Ability of those big-bore naval guns to successfully destroy targets inhibited by a variety of factors to include:

* "Because of the low height of the rangefinder above the water surface, the practical range of fire was 12,000 m[eters] . . . well below the normal maximum of 26,000 m[eters] (28,000 yd)."

* "The duration between the surface order and the first firing round was 3 minutes and 35 seconds."

* "Firing had to occur at a precise moment of pitch [up/down motion] and roll [side to side motion] when the ship was level."

* "Training the turret to either side was limited to when the ship rolled 8° or less."

* "Surcouf was not equipped to fire at night"

* "The mounts were designed to fire 14 rounds from each gun before their magazines were reloaded."


Sailors have their own words for pitch, roll and yaw. Gunners firing the eight inch [203 mm] guns of the Surcouf their primary concern the surge and sway.

Surcouf also able to attack targets in the manner of a conventional submarine attack, using torpedoes of either 400 mm [16 inches] or 550 mm [22 inches] diameter. Unconventional sized torpedoes for a conventional type of naval warfare. Do it the French way I guess.

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Monday, December 17, 2018

29B6.

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First there was the Russian Woodpecker, Duga and Steel Yard. Now we have Container! Soviet/Russian anti-ballistic-missile over-the-horizon-radar [OTH]. Container mobile and a much improved version of the Woodpecker.

Thanks to the Russian controlled [?] media outlet Russian Times [RT].

"Spot on: Russia to track future US missiles with upgraded over-the-horizon radar"

"In response to US plans to pull out of the INF Treaty and the active development of its hypersonic technology, Russia is building a network of radar stations best suited to detect missile launches from afar."


As seen at the Global Security Internet web site an idealized radar coverage pattern of Duga? According to the RT article Duga able to detect missile launches from Cape Canaveral but not able to detect missile launches from Vandenberg AFB on the Pacific coast of the United States. Click on image to see an enlarged view.

WE ARE RETURNING TO THE DAYS OF THE WOODPECKER? SEGMENTS OF THE HIGH-FREQUENCY RADIO BANDS TO BE INTERFERED WITH BUT EVEN MORE INTENSELY SO? WE HOPE AND PRAY NOT.

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Twenty-two.

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Twenty-two minutes that is.

Firestorm Pforzheim. Thanks to the story from DW.

Hamburg I have heard of. Dresden I have heard of. Tokyo I have heard of.  Pforzheim I had never heard of!

"Pforzheim: the Dresden nobody knows about"

Saturation bombing of Pforzheim with high-explosive and incendiary creating a fire-storm a city of tens of thousand obliterated from the face of the earth. All occurring in twenty-two minutes!

"According to official statistics, 17,600 people died, and tens of thousands of others were injured. The market square and old town area were destroyed and completely depopulated. In the entire city, over 80 percent of the architecture that existed in 1945 was defaced, making Pforzheim, proportionally speaking, the worst instance of destruction at the end of WWII in Europe."

Dresden and Pforzheim instance of allied atrocity during the Second World War? Gratuitous and excessive violence disproportionate in nature?

NOBODY knows of Pforzheim? Until NOW!

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Sunday, December 16, 2018

Taktik.

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Contrary to what I have ordinarily understood, German storm trooper tactics and storm trooper units as employed by the German during the Great War [WW1] an evolutionary process culminating of course in the German Spring Offensive of 1918.

Riga and Caporetto be fully aware NOT the first instances of institutionalized storm trooper units as used on the battlefield by the German.

A Storm Troop [battalion sized unit] consisting of German soldiers of the highest quality physically and mentally, possessing proven and demonstrable coolness and ability in combat. Entire battalions of such soldiers organized for hazardous missions.

Missions hazardous in the extreme. As originally envisioned to capture a section of enemy trench but not much more than that. Given the over-the-top mass wave attack disasters of the various combatants during the earliest stages of the Great War, merely capturing an enemy trench was considered a considerable success.


See this You Tube video the evolutionary aspects of the German Storm Troop during the Great War. Taktik during the German Spring Offensives of 1918 the mission of the Storm Troops not confined to capturing a mere stretch of trench. To the greatest extent possible continuing the offensive, the target those rear-echelon forces of the adversary. Destroy any ability for allied combatants to reconstitute as fighting units.

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WPI.

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From the historical perspective I find this to be interesting.

Devoted readers go and take this test. See if you would have been more or less susceptible to shell shock during that period of the Great War from over one-hundred years ago. Used by the U.S. Army as a means of evaluating personnel presumably for assignments.

"Woodworth Psychoneurotic Inventory."

Shell shock. Emotional instability.

Introduction

"The WPI is often credited as the first personality test. It was designed by the United States Army during World War I to identify solders at risk for shell shock. It measures one scale: emotional instability."

"The test was very popular for many years but eventually fell out of style, seemingly in the 1930s."

Procedure

"The WPI consists of 116 yes or no questions. It should take most people ten to fifteen minutes to complete."

"Being one hundred years old, the inventory makes references that may not be immediately clear to modern takers, clarifying information has been added in brackets to this version."

PERSONALLY AND WITHOUT FURTHER CLARIFICATION MY WPI SCORE RELATIVELY POOR AS DEFINED. I WOULD NOT DO WELL IN A COMBAT ARMS UNIT?

"Pull yourself together man. This soldier's heart, combat fatigue, shell shock, PTSD is all in your head. Just snap out of it and get on with your duty."

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MTB.

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Concluding with extracts and commentary from the original articles as seen at the isegoria.net Internet web site. Thank you isegoria.net in all cases.

Small and fast! Motor torpedo boat!

"Trade off and compromise"

"On Design Constraints"

"Donald Pittenger shares his thoughts On Design Constraints — which he, as a humanities type, never had to consider"

IN THIS PARTICULAR CASE CONSIDER NOT SO MUCH THE DESIGN CONSTRAINTS , MODIFICATION "TRADE OFF AND COMPROMISE" BUT THE VALUE OF ASYMMETRIC WEAPONS OF WAR, SUCH AS THE MOTOR TORPEDO OF THE PRE-DREADNOUGHT AND DREADNOUGHT ERA.

"Battleship designers in those days were seriously concerned about the danger posed by torpedoes launched from small, fast ships, the solution being secondary quick-firing four or five inch guns for defense. Until the war, such guns were placed in casemates strung along the upper part of the ship’s hull. But with the battleship at speed in any but the calmest seas, many of the guns couldn’t be operated dues to splashing water. The obvious solution was to mount the guns higher, on the main deck itself. But this would raise the ship’s center of gravity, making it less stable and seaworthy. After the Great War most navies plated over the casemates and did move the guns higher, but that required some compensating weight-shifting and perhaps making beams wider."


Japanese motor-torpedo boat [MTB] during the Battle of Tsushima successfully attacking a much larger Russian capital ship. Direct hit! Night time encounter between a capital ship and a MTB most particularly to the disadvantage of the former.  

The motor-torpedo-boat [MTB] extremely cost-effective? Just the threat of small and fast torpedo boat attack and the danger from same requiring the major world powers to modify their capital ships in a manner that rendered them less capable than originally intended? A swarm of MTB an example of asymmetric naval warfare.

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