"The East African nation’s forced service for life and slave-like conditions are a far cry from Western military service"
. . . .
"Conscripts are forced to serve indefinitely for decades. Eritrea’s National Service Proclamation states that mandatory active national service should not last more than 18 months, with exceptions during time of war. In reality, that limit is not adhered to even though Eritrea is at peace."
"National service requirements are harsh. Everyone under the age of 50 is enlisted for an indefinite period. Around one in 20 Eritreans currently live in vast barracks in the desert. They work on reconstruction projects, such as road building, and earn no more than $30 a month."
AN EIGHTEEN YEAR OLD ERITREAN [SOMETIMES YOUNGER?] SUBJECT TO MILITARY CONSCRIPTION THAT TERM OF SERVICE NEVER ENDING! YOU MIGHT BE DRAFTED AND BE FORCED TO SERVE FOR DECADES, BEING PAID ABOUT TEN EURO [$10.60 USD] PER MONTH!!
NO WONDER THE ERITREAN YOUNG MAN FLEES HIS HOMELAND IN SUCH NUMBERS!
"That evening [the 9th of May, 1972] the division commander Contra-Admiral I.I. Vereniki called me to his office and said succinctly, 'Go to the South China Sea and support our Vietnamese brothers.' I also found out from him that behind us were going Echo I SSGN K-45 and Echo II SSGN K-57"
"Details about American submarine special operations aren't very common.. . ."
"There are exceptions. There is a little bit of operational detail of one particularly tense, wartime operation at Guardfish.org, a website dedicated to the men who have served on board the USS Guardfish (SSN 612). Entitled The Saga of the 1972 Guardfish Patrol, it is a little bit of Commander David Minton's account of operations by the USS Guardfish that ranged from the Sea of Japan to the South China Sea in the late spring of 1972."
"K-184 suffers a potentially significant casualty and Captain Minton sends a CRITIC"
A Soviet era nuclear class Echo II class submarine as it would have appeared on the surface preparing to fire missiles at an American aircraft carrier. Sub must surface, raise missiles, receive an over-the-horizon targeting location from a high flying Tu-95 naval aviation warplane, then fire those missiles with nuclear warhead.
"K-184 continues her transit toward the Gulf of Tonkin. Damage control drills are conducted and hilarity ensues"
Soviet era warships responding to the American mining of Haiphong harbor during the Second Indo-China War. Three nuclear powered submarines deployed to counter the American aircraft carrier presence Yankee Station. Each of those submarines armed with anti-ship cruise missiles tipped with atomic warheads.
Soviet submarines shadowed and tracked by the USS Guardfish. They were "eyeball to eyeball" and as during the Cuban Missile Crisis the "other guy blinked"?
"there is one important thing that Russia does have and that the Syrian armed forces desperately needs; support for maintaining and upgrading Syria’s largely Russian weapons and equipment. Russian maintenance and technical personnel are pouring into Syria, largely unnoticed, along with spare parts, upgrade kits and special maintenance equipment. Thousands of Syrian army weapons and vehicles that had become inoperable, or only partially functional are now being returned to usable condition."
DEADLINED EQUIPMENT NO LONGER DEAD! ASSAD BREATHES A SIGH OF RELIEF!
Putin responds to the shoot-down of the Russian FENCER warplane.
Air defense systems now deployed and being further deployed to protect Russian aircraft. Ground and naval assets both having made their SAM [surface-air-missiles] ready.
"Putin sends air-defense missiles to Syria to deter Turkey"
. . . .
"The S-400 missiles, which Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered to be sent to the Hemeimeem air base in Syria's coastal province of Latakia just 50 kilometers (30 miles) away from the border with Turkey, are capable of striking targets within 400-kilometer (250-mile) range with a deadly precision. The military also moved the navy missile cruiser Moskva closer to the shore to help protect Russian warplanes with its long-range Fort air defense system."
"The S-400 Triumf ( NATO reporting name: SA-21 Growler), previously known as S-300PMU-3, is a new generation anti-aircraft weapon system developed by Russia's Almaz Central Design Bureau in the 1990s as an upgrade of the S-300 family."
One radar for target acquisition and one radar for fire control? Communications van on the far left and firing unit with missiles on the far right?
Moskva that "navy missile cruiser" with organic Fort SAM also able to provide additional protection using "sea-based" S-300F (SA-N-6).
Syrian air defense is now Russian air defense. Vlad got the power. Vlad too might feel it is obligatory to shoot-down one NATO warplane in the future? I sure hope not.
“1618. In the month of September a terrible comet in the form of a large star with a long whip or tail, 10 or more (shoes?) long was seen for a long time. All of Christendom suffered its effects for the next 30 years.”
THAT PERIOD IN THE AFTERMATH OF THE "TERRIBLE COMET" FOR THREE DECADES THE THIRTY YEARS WAR WITH ALL THAT MEANS FOR EUROPE!!
Great signs and portents in the heavens. A divine signal as sent and interpreted as an omen of catastrophe. Often terrible events such as WAR!
"a tidy summation of the astrological and astronomical observations of and discussions surrounding the appearance of the 'Great Comet of 1618', also known as 'the Angry Star' due to its extremely long tail, reddish hue, and lengthy duration (it was visible to the naked eye for over seven weeks in late 1618 and early 1619, even remaining discernible during the day). Astronomers across Europe commented on the cosmic phenomenon, astrologers everywhere excitedly interpreted its meaning, and doomsayers and pessimists from Scotland to Sicily witnessed portents and prodigies in its fiery tail.?
":David Herlicius published in 1619 a discourse on a comet that had appeared shortly before, in 1618, and enumerated the calamities that this comet, and comets in general, bring with them or presage"
"Desiccation of the crops and barrenness, pestilence, great stormy winds, great inundations,
shipwrecks, defeat of armies or destruction of kingdoms . . . decease of great potentates and scholars, schisms and rifts in religion, etc. The portents of comets are threefold - in part natural, in part
political, and in part theological" - - David Herlicius.
Even the King of England in response to the Great Comet set to verse that sense of foreboding.
"Yee men of Brittayne wherefore gaze yee so,
Vpon an angry starre? When as yee knowe
The Sun must turne to darke, the Moone to
And then t’will bee to late to turne to good.
O bee so happy then whilst time doth last,
As to remember Doomesday is not past:
And misinterpret not with vayne conceyte
The character you see of Heauen’s heighte:
Which though it bringe the World some newes
The letter is such as none can it translate:
And for to guesse at God Almighties minde
Were such a thinge might cosen all mankinde:
Therefore I wish the curious man to Keepe
His rash imaginations till hee sleepe…"
William I of England. Rex.
"And I will shew wonders in heaven above, and signs in the earth beneath; blood, and fire, and vapour of smoke" - - King James Bible Acts 2:19
1. The desire NOT to destroy infrastructure that will be needed in the region in the aftermath of ISIL.
2. NOT to cause environmental damage.
# 1 presupposes that ISIL WILL be vanquished. THAT HARDLY IS EVEN CLOSE TO BEING AN ACCOMPLISHED FACT.
That explanation of Mr. Morrell more than likely exactly what the Obama administration is thinking. Indeed, Mr. Morrell may have even had input into the rules of engagement as UNDERSTOOD and protocols regarding the air campaign against ISIL?
IN finality consider this quotation as attributed to Clausewitz:
"Kind-hearted people might of course think there was some ingenious way to disarm or defeat the enemy without too much bloodshed, and might imagine this is the true goal of the art of war. Pleasant as it sounds, it is a fallacy that must be exposed: War is such a dangerous business that mistakes that come from kindness are the very worst."
Basic subsistence diet of the soldier that that period of the American Civil War.
"Where be them supplies and be quick about it!"
"I wish you to collect a train of 120 wagons . . . and send them to Grand Gulf; and there load them with rations, as follows: One hundred thousand pounds of bacon, the balance coffee, sugar, salt and hard bread . . . it is unnecessary for me to remind you of the overwhelming importance of celerity in your movements . . . The enemy is badly beaten, greatly demoralized, and exhausted of ammunition. The road to Vicksburg is open. All we want now are men, ammunition, and hard bread. We can subsist our horses on the country, and obtain considerable supplies for our troops." - - Grant to Sherman.
Once more from the television documentary "The Civil War" that allegation Grant during the Vicksburg Campaign broke off his lines of supply when crossing to the east side of the Mississippi, foraging off the land freely much in the manner as Sherman did one year later in Georgia, devoid of conventional supply trains.
GRANT HAVING CROSSED TO THE EAST SIDE OF THE MISSISSIPPI TO AN EXTENT LIVING OFF THE LAND BUT NOT SO EXCLUSIVELY SO!
Parker Hills eminently qualified to comment on such matters: "During his 31 years as a Regular Army and National Guard officer; Parker
Hills served in various command and staff positions in the United
States and overseas. Hills retired with the rank of brigadier general in
Southerners of the period [American Civil War] generally give Grant high marks for his generalship.
Beans, bullets, and eat your own horses when necessary. Who cares to ride a horse anyhow when you can walk?