Monday, June 26, 2017


This is coolbert:

Here with several infographics each having a military dimension.

"Information graphics or infographics are graphic visual representations of information, data or knowledge intended to present information quickly and clearly. They can improve cognition by utilizing graphics to enhance the human visual system’s ability to see patterns and trends"

Thanks to the Numberphile Internet web site. Lovers of numbers!

"The Greatest Ever Infographic - Numberphile"

1. "Minard's map of Napoleon's Russian campaign."

"1861 saw the release of an influential information graphic on the subject of Napoleon's disastrous march on Moscow. The graphic’s creator, Charles Joseph Minard, captured four different changing variables that contributed to Napoleon’s downfall in a single two-dimensional image: the army's direction as they traveled, the location the troops passed through, the size of the army as troops died from hunger and wounds, and the freezing temperatures they experienced." Click on image to see an enlarged view.

Further another representation, an infographic, that same march on Moscow by the Grand Army of Napoleon but in presented in a modern manner, a rotating 3-D cube.:

2.  "Napoleon's March on Moscow 3D Space-Time Cube"

Those casualties of the French army invading Russian very well documented. About 500,000 total in the invasion force, 430,000 of which marched on Moscow, only 30,000 making it make alive to friendly territory!! Russian sources report 100,000 men of the invading force taken prisoner and the remainder [300,000] their bodies cremated!!

2. "DIAGRAM of the Causes of Mortality in the ARMY in the EAST."

"In 1857, English nurse Florence Nightingale used information graphics to persuade Queen Victoria to improve conditions in military hospitals. The principal one she used was the Coxcomb chart, a combination of stacked bar and pie charts, depicting the number and causes of deaths during each month of the Crimean War." Also click on the image to see an enlarged view.

Queen Victoria was able to understand this infographic? My impression was that the Queen was not the brightest light bulb around. Maybe those closest to her said this was good to go and she just nodded her head.


Sunday, June 25, 2017


This is coolbert:

As enunciated by an acknowledged aviation authority and for your edification some air power terms and definitions.

 "There are sometimes other terms used, but they all come down to . . . four"

1.  "Air supremacy:  in effect, total control of the air, such that enemy air and counter-air forces cannot affect operations for the side with AS.  An example would be the NATO air ops over Bosnia in the 1990s and the Coalition Forces' dominance in both the Gulf War and in Operation Iraqi Freedom."

2. "Air superiority.  One side dominant, but subject to sudden surges or unexpected massing of enemy forces to oppose it.  More often associated with battlefield superiority, wherein one side or the other focuses its air forces over a particular region in order to attain dominance for a battle or campaign.  Examples would be the Air superiority of Allied air forces over the Normandy region during the D-Day invasion.  German forces still had thousands of fighters and bombers available and could have massed them in the area to fight that campaign, if it dared to give up tenuous parity over various Russian fronts or open all of Germany to unfettered bomber offensives in the absence of fighter opposition.  Air superiority examples could also include much of the Pacific Theater in WWII, where Allied or US air forces had local superiority whenever carriers were in the area, but which advantage was lost when the carriers left."

3.  "Air parity.  Neither side has a definitive advantage.  Each side's ground forces are subject to aerial strikes against them, making maneuvers and supply difficult.  Examples would be Germany vs Russia in the late 1943 to mid 1944 period, US versus Japanese forces during the Guadalcanal campaign (at times, the Japanese were dominant in that conflict).  Perhaps even the line up of opposing forces in the Korean War could be considered 'parity'"

4.  "Less than parity.  Self explanatory.  The period when your ground forces ask angrily where their cowardly Air Force might be hiding"

With regard to # 4 the French during the Battle of France [1940]!!.

Thank you aviation authority!!


Survival II.

This is coolbert:

From the collected works of the Soviet era defector Suvorov some descriptions of special purpose [Spetsnaz] unit battle training wilderness survival and important aspect. As is germane to the previous blog entry:

"when a Spetsnaz soldier sets out, whether for a week or a month, the duration of the operation makes no difference. He always takes with him exactly the same quantity of food - - 2,765 grams [three pounds]. It frequently happens that in the course of an operation, food, water and ammunition are dropped from aircraft. But it may not happen, and then he has to make out as best he can. Nearly three kilo-grams of food is a great deal, bearing in mind the usually high caloric content of the specialty developed and prepared food. But if it's not enough then he will have to obtain food independently. He might kill a deer or a wild boar; he may catch fish, eat berries, mushrooms, hedgehogs, frogs, snakes, snails and earthworms; he can cook up birch bark and acorns . . . there's plenty a hungry man can eat, especially if he is equipped with the concentrated experience of many centuries."

"One of the most important aspects of full battle training is the technique of survival. In the Soviet Union there are plenty of places where there are no people for thousands of square kilometers [1,000 square kilometers = 386 square miles]. Thus the method is to drop a small group of three or four men by parachute in a completely unfamiliar place where there are no people, no roads and nothing except blinding snow from one horizon to the other or burning sand as far as the eye can see. The group has neither a map nor a compass. Each man has a Kalashnikov automatic, but only one round of ammunition. In addition he has a knife and a spade. The food supply is a minimum, sometimes none at all. The group does not know how long it will have to walk - - a day, five days, a fortnight [two weeks]? The men can use their ammunition as they please. They can kill a deer, an elk or a bear. That would be plenty for the whole group for a long journey. But what if wolves were to attack and the ammunition were finished?"



Saturday, June 24, 2017

Survival I.

This is coolbert:

Devoted readers to the blog will understand that these headlines caught my attention right away.

Survival Russian style. As taught to the military.

NOT so much that wilderness survival skills are taught as to WHO is doing the teaching.

Old Believers of the Russian Orthodox Church!!

Old Believers adherents to a strict and ancient form of Russian Orthodoxy. Persons persecuted for many centuries and seeking refuge as far from the rest of humanity as possible. Refuge to include such a place being the Siberian northern arboreal forest. The taiga.

Old Believers not only able to exist in the taiga but thrive. Knowledgeable in all aspects of wilderness survival, live off the land if need be, and again not merely existing but thriving!!

1. "Siberian Old Believers teach Chinese officers to survive in taiga"

"Novosibirsk, June 13, Interfax - A military delegation of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) of China has undergone a source of training for the special task force and alpines of the Russian army with instructors from a local Old Believer community on the foothill of Western Sayan on the border of Tuva and the Krasnoyarsk Territory"

. . . .

"The Old Believers taught the Chinese guests basic skills of surviving in the wild nature of Siberia: how to navigate the terrain, climb rocks and cross gorges and water obstacles, get fire, food and drinking water, organize a stay for the night, and give first medical aid.

"South Siberian Old Believers are skillful pathfinders, hunters and good economic people. They have lived by themselves, passing their traditions from generation to generation, for over three centuries."

2. "Old Believer bootcamp: Russian army learns survival skills from reclusive sect"

"Members of an isolated Orthodox community are teaching special forces how to navigate the Siberian wilderness,"

"A group of Russian special forces has emerged from a month-long training camp in the Siberian wilderness, led by members of a staunchly traditionalist religious sect."

See from this excellent You Tube video the type of life as led by the Old Believer in the taiga:

"Agafia. Hermit Surviving in Russian Wilderness for 70 years"


Friday, June 23, 2017


This is coolbert:

"by pen and gun" "by word and bullet"  "by tongue and teeth "

Almost fifty years ago all aspiring Latin American revolutionaries, insurrectionists, communist urban guerrillas had as required reading the "Minimanual of the Urban Guerrilla" by Carlos Marighella.

A how-to book instructive at the basic level.

"How to" instruction regarding the bread-and-butter aspect of the urban guerrilla/terrorist/revolutionary/insurrectionist to include but hardly limited to: executions, kidnapping, sabotage, terrorism, propaganda, security, assaults, bank robbery.

That modern form of the "minimanual" directed at the ISLAMIIC JIHADIST! Theoretical and practical texts justifying the use or terrorism as a means of waging war and the "how to" nuts-and-bolts aspects of guerrilla/insurrectionist/terrorist warfare.

Thanks to Vlad for the tip in this case.

1. "The Manchester Manual. The Al Qaeda Manual"

"The Al Qaeda Handbook is a computer file found by Manchester (England) Metropolitan Police during a search of the Manchester home of Anas al-Liby in 2000. A translation has been provided by the American Federal Bureau of Investigation. Officials state that the document is a manual for how to wage war, and according to the American military, was written by Osama bin Laden's extremist group, Al Qaeda."

See a complete PDF document the Handbook as written.

"The attached manual was located by the Manchester (England) Metropolitan Police during a search of an al Qaeda member's home. The manual was found in a computer file described as the 'the military series' related to the 'Declaration of Jihad' The manual was translated into English and was introduced earlier this year at the embassy bombing trail in New York."

2. "Revolutionary Islam"

"Revolutionary Islam (French L'islam révolutionnaire) . . .  is a book written by international revolutionary Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, also known as Carlos the Jackal, under the direction of Jean-Michel Vernochet. It was published in 2003"

3. "Peripheral Warfare and Revolutionary Islam: Origins, Rules and Ethics of Asymmetrical Warfare"

By Jorge Verstrynge


"Origenes, reglas y etica de la guerra asimetrica."

Finally, regarding the word "terrorism" and as enunciated by Carlos Marighella himself:

"The accusation of 'violence' or 'terrorism' no longer has the negative meaning it used to have. It has acquired new clothing; a new color. It does not divide, it does not discredit; on the contrary, it represents a center of attraction. Today, to be 'violent' or a 'terrorist' is a quality that ennobles any honorable person, because it is an act worthy of a revolutionary engaged in armed struggle" - - Carlos Marighella - - 1969.


Thursday, June 22, 2017


This is coolbert:

 "E Fluctibus irruit in hostem"

"Out of the waves and he fell upon the enemy"

More regarding the modern Italian naval command units and their equipment: Thanks to the Internet web site.

"Comando Raggruppamento Subacquei e Incursori Teseo Tesei"

"COMSUBIN is the elite commando frogman force and one of the Italian special forces. Italy was the first nation to use frogmen and human torpedoes."

Further with regard to Italian submersible boat technology we have "Cos.Mo.S 'Nessie' Fast SDV"

"During World War Two Italy led the world in many aspects of naval Special Forces capabilities, most notably in wet submersibles and combat swimmers. Although frogmen from the famous Decima-MAS [X] unit served on both sides after the Italian Armistice, Italy’s naval Special Forces capabilities were officially extinguished at the end of the war. They were however kept alive in secret (an open secret among Western Special Forces perhaps). In the 1950s Italy rekindled it strategically important waterborne Special Forces capabilities including its SDVs. The Italian Navy craft were kept a VERY closely guarded secret and have only become known quite recently . . . Part of keeping them secret was that the company that built them did not openly advertise the fact. They were only exported to Israel and South Africa."


"before the Second World War Italy's technology was at an incredibly high level . . . achievements, especially in the sphere of aviation, submarines and high-speed launches, were really amazing . . . the Italians were the unrecognized geniuses of military and naval technology." - - Suvorov. [GRU = Soviet/Russian military intelligence.]

Again, that tradition of excellence apparently continues!



This is coolbert:

 "E Fluctibus irruit in hostem"

"Out of the waves and he fell upon the enemy"

From the Internet web site "COVERT SHORES" and article the topic of which is submersible boats as used during naval commando missions. Thanks to the Internet web site.

"Exclusive - Secret Submarine-Boat revealed"

"Italy is renowned for sleek and stylish speed boats. And acknowledged as a pioneer and world leader in underwater Special Forces technology. So it should come as no surprise that the elite Special Forces, COMSUBIN, operate some of the most powerful and impressive submersible boats in the world. But it will, because it is also one of the Special Forces community’s best kept secrets."

The Italian navy prior to and during the Second World War [WW2] innovators in the area of naval commando operations as that term understood today.

First free-divers, then snorkel, then SCUBA, then Swimmer-Delivery-Vehicles [SDV] and midget submarines. Unconventional naval warfare, asymmetric, a combat multiplier of great value.


"There may be some people who underestimate Italy as a country of great thinker, but not the GRU. The GRU know that the Italians have very good brains, the brains of great inventors. Few people realize that before the Second World War Italy's technology was at an incredibly high level . . . achievements, especially in the sphere of aviation, submarines and high-speed launches, were really amazing . . . the Italians were the unrecognized geniuses of military and naval technology." - - Suvorov. [GRU = Soviet/Russian military intelligence.]

That tradition of naval commando warfare technology as pioneered by the Italian evidently continues.