Friday, February 21, 2020

ATS WW2.

This is coolbert:

English women combat arms World War Two [WW2]

Only very vaguely was I aware of this. Anti-aircraft artillery [AAA] batteries as "manned" by Englishwomen during WW2. Yeoman work and done very successfully. Combat arms duty and carried out in an admirable manner without fault.

BUT NOT EXACTLY AS I THOUGHT.

From the wiki entry for ATS:

"Women were barred from serving in battle, but due to shortages of men, ATS members, as well as members of the other women's voluntary services, took over many support tasks, such as radar operators, forming part of the crews of anti-aircraft guns [AAA] and military police."

"The first 'Mixed' Heavy Anti-Aircraft (HAA) battery of the Royal Artillery (435 (Mixed) HAA Battery) was formed on 25 June 1941, and took over an operational gun site in Richmond Park, south-west London, in August. It was the forerunner of hundreds of similar units with the ATS supplying two-thirds of the personnel: at its height in 1943 three-quarters of Anti-Aircraft Command's HAA batteries were mixed. Several Heavy Anti-Aircraft regiments deployed to North West Europe with 21st Army Group in 1944–45 were 'Mixed' regiments."

"MIXED" COMBAT ARMS UNITS. MIXED BY GENDER.

Further, women serving in "mixed" units able to load, aim, service and maintain AAA firing pieces. WOMEN HOWEVER STRANGELY ENOUGH NOT ALLOWED TO FIRE THE GUNS!!

Germany the same situation existed. Women "manning" AAA units but not allowed to fire the guns.

coolbert.



Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Berserk

This is coolbert:

The mind benders! To war with drugs. And they work!

Thanks to the Daily Mail English tabloid and the tip from Mike devoted readers are strongly encouraged to read the entire article.

"Rampaging Vikings were fuelled by hallucinogenic herbal tea that made them feel less pain and become 'highly aggressive' say scientists"

   * Berserkers.
   * Rampaging elite.
   * Mind-bending.
   * Stinking henbane.

"ber•serk:  Destructively or frenetically violent. Mentally or emotionally upset; deranged. Unrestrained, as with enthusiasm or appetite; wild."

Viking commando units from the times of the Middle Ages warriors drugged with substances to create a frenzied and uncontrollable rage during periods of battle. Fighting men best described in modern terms as shock troops Almost impossible to stop in combat, relatively impervious to pain and injury, deadly to the opponent in the extreme

The use of "substances" to create an enhanced combat ability hardly confined to the Viking of the Middle Ages. The Zulu also had advanced and very sophisticated pharmacology useful during a time of war and battle. Commando units of the Zulu also making liberal usage of "substances" to enhance battlefield performance.

"Shooting Up: A History of Drugs in Warfare" by Lukasz Kamie'nski

"Members of the special commandoes [Zulu], whose task was to breach the enemy lines to enable the regular troops to flow and carry out a rapid encircling maneuver called 'the horns of the bull', received a special drug that both  sharpened their senses particularly sight and hearing and enhanced concentration and alertness. They were probably given, though here we can only speculate, Amanita muscaria because the fungus occurs in Africa . . . the shaman doctors [inyanga] also had at their disposal a special remedy for the wounded . . . a potent painkiller and hallucinogenic"

"The Zulus fought with fanaticism, dedication, and fury. Armed by and fortified by their shaman doctors [inyanga] with potent intoxicants, they were into battle utterly without fear . . . Even when injured they did not stop fighting because their bodies were rendered insensitive to pain the through the use of powerful anesthetizing plant remedies."

One pill makes you happy. One pill makes you small. And the one the inyanga gives you does make you feel as if you are ten feet tall!

coolbert.




Sunday, February 16, 2020

Rebound.

This is coolbert:

"Once on the phone, the virus would give Hamas operatives control over all aspects of the phone, including pictures, the soldier’s location, text messages and the soldier’s contact list. The virus would also have access to the phone’s camera and microphone, taking pictures and recording conversations remotely without the soldier knowing."

Courtesy the Jerusalem Post article and the tip from Mike

Boys will be boys. Beware the old Mata Hari routine. It does work!!

"IDF stops Hamas 'honeypots' from trapping soldiers"

"As part of 'Operation Rebound,' the IDF has foiled the third such Hamas network foiled in three years."

"The IDF has foiled a third Hamas network posing as attractive young women on social networks that lures in IDF soldiers in order to access as much information and intelligence on the army that they can.
The phones of hundreds of soldiers, including combat soldiers, were compromised in the third such Hamas honeypot operation foiled by the Israeli military and the Shin Bet (Israel Security Service) since 2017."


Here is Noa D. The temptress. Hamas operative and purports to be a recent immigrant to Israel and is having trouble with her Hebrew. Can the soldier help [of course he can!!]? Noa not too bad really. If I was fifty years younger I might go for it myself. Does she shave her armpits? You download to your smart phone the image of  Noa and get a virus installed on the phone as well. A virus that allows Hamas to gather intelligence without you the unwitting soldier even realizing so.

NO MATTER HOW MANY TIMES YOU WARN THE TROOPS ABOUT THIS TYPE OF STUFF AND TO AVOID IN ALL INSTANCES IT NEVER ENDS.

See previous blog entries as germane:

https://militaryanalysis.blogspot.com/2019/06/honey.html

https://militaryanalysis.blogspot.com/2019/04/telefon.html

https://militaryanalysis.blogspot.com/2019/03/track.html

coolbert.





Saturday, February 15, 2020

Jan Mayen.

This is coolbert:

Jan Mayen island. Arctic. A land only the locals could love. If only there were any locals.

Once more the Arctic/Norwegian/Russian connection.

Russians in a lather. 

"lath•er  - - n: condition of anxious or heated discomposure; agitation."

"Russia alarmed by U.S. Air Force visit to Norwegian island"

"MOSCOW/OSLO (Reuters) - Russia said on Thursday it was alarmed by a trip to a Norwegian outpost in the Arctic by a U.S. Air Force unit and urged Oslo to refrain from what it said were de-stabilizing moves in the strategic region."

USAF PERSONNEL CONDUCTING A FEASIBILITY STUDY AND NOTHING MORE AND ALARM BELLS IN MOSCOW GOING OFF ALL OVER THE PLACE??

Take-off and landing of American C-130 transport aircraft Jan Mayen the item at question here? Take-off and landings of NATO aircraft Jan Mayen already routine. So what is the big deal?

Jan Mayen occupied by scant allied military units [weathermen] during World War Two. Attempts by the German to occupy the island during the conflict for naught.

Russian alarm much to-do about nothing? At this point in the game of strategic geo-political considerations it can only be deemed so.

coolbert.




Thursday, February 13, 2020

Spew.

This is coolbert:

Thanks to our good friends at The Barents Observer some material of an obvious interest.

Continued testing of nuclear powered Russian weaponry vicinity the Barents Sea as you might expect of great concern to the Norwegian.

"Norway  Norway’s intelligence chief fears more accidents with Russia's reactor-powered weapons systems"

“We should expect development and testing of new, advanced weapons systems in the areas east of Norway. Several of these will have nuclear propulsion systems,”- - Director of the Norwegian Intelligence Service, Lt. Gen. Morten Haga Lunde.

Spew of nuclear radiation inadvertently released as a result of abortive nuclear propulsion testing contaminating the Barents sea. Spew as released seemingly in a callous manner repeatedly so and of no concern to the Russian.


Once again thanks to The Barents Observer for the image. From left to right: 1. Poseidon nuclear-armed and nuclear-propelled underwater drone torpedo/unmanned submarine. 2. Sarmat [Satan-2] ICBM with enormous multiple hydrogen bomb warhead. 3. Burevestnik nuclear-powered nuclear-armed cruise missile. 4. Khinzal hyper-sonic missile. 5. Avangard hyper-sonic re-entry vehicle. 6. Peresvet laser weapon. Please note the inclusion of several human figures for scaling purposes. Soup to nuts, macro to the micro. Click on image to see an enlarged view.

And we are not even talking about the release of radioactive particles from the recent Losharik incident. From the Norwegian perspective fisheries of great importance to their nation at stake. And their impotence at being able to control or mitigate "radioactive spew" from Russian missile and weapons testing obvious.

coolbert.




Wednesday, February 12, 2020

Gone.

This is coolbert:

Retired without mission as originally envisioned?

Littoral Combat Ship [LCS] U.S. Navy gone. Littoral = green water.

Thanks to the Internet web site "The Drive: and the article by Tyler Rogoway. The tip from Freeper.

"The Navy Now Wants To Retire The First Four Of Its Troublesome Littoral Combat Ships"

"It was something many of us saw as a near-certain eventuality, the Navy has formally announced that it wants to retire its first four Littoral Combat Ships. Split evenly across both the Freedom and Independence classes of the failed Littoral Combat Ship concept, the oldest of the vessels was commissioned just 12 years ago, the youngest a mere six years ago . . . The troublesome fleet within a fleet has been serving as a training and test force, a dubious role from the start that the Navy says isn't even needed anymore."

A DUBIOUS ROLE AND THAT NOT EVEN NEEDED ANY MORE. ORIGINALLY LCS WAS SEEN AS THE FUTURE BUT IN QUICK TIME LCS HAS BECOME THE PAST?

Think also the Zumwalt class of destroyer at one time also the future of the U.S. Navy and that too now the past. Zumwalt as in the inventory [three ships] also yet one more white elephant.

U.S. Navy now what?

coolbert.



Activation.

This is coolbert:

Back to the future! American Cold War status Europe restored?

At least on paper.

"Army announces activation of V Corps to push back against Russia in Europe"

"The Army announced on Tuesday the activation of V Corps (or Fifth Corps), the latest development in the U.S. military's push to build up capabilities in Europe in the face of great power competition with Russia."

"V Corps will be based out of Fort Knox, Kentucky, per Tuesday's Army press release. It will be made up of 635 soldiers, 200 of which 'will support an operational command post in Europe on a rotational basis.'"

"It's expected to be operational by this fall."

Comments:

1. The American army during the height of the Cold War at all times maintained a force of two Corps sized elements in Europe. A Corps consisting normally of two division plus an armored cavalry regiment with additional combat support and combat service support elements.

2. The activation consisting merely as described apparently a HEADQUARTERS element with a rotating "operational command post".

HARDLY A FULL DEPLOYMENT OF MAJOR COMBAT UNITS. A TIGER NO TEETH!

coolbert.



Guilty.

This is coolbert:

"No person can command a nuclear equipped unit if even the appearance of wrong-doing exists, even if totally unfounded."

 Once again the topic of the American military man behaving badly.

 See my most recent blog entry same topic.

 And yet once more a SENIOR COMMANDING OFFICER. And a senior ranking officer also THE COMMANDER OF A NUCLEAR EQUIPPED UNIT!

"Fired Navy sub commander had affair with spouse of enlisted sailor"

"The former commanding officer of the USS Montpelier pleaded guilty in December to charges stemming from an inappropriate relationship [sexual I assume] with the spouse [I am assuming the wife] of an enlisted subordinate, according to the Navy's report of trial results. Cmdr. William B. Swanbeck, who was relieved of command of the fast-attack submarine in June 2018 due to 'a loss of confidence in his ability to command,' pleaded guilty at a special court martial to conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman as part of a pretrial agreement for engaging in the inappropriate relationship. Swanbeck was sentenced on Dec. 4 to a reprimand and the forfeiture... "

Comments:

1. At least until relatively recently American fast attack submarines no longer carrying nuclear munitions. That policy has been changed!

2. Making matters worse is that the Commander was having an affair with the wife [?] of an ENLISTED MAN. A "loss of confidence" surely a major factor in the dismissal of the Commander.

From the career and promotion consideration the Commander has now a major impediment never to be surmounted!!

coolbert.


Tuesday, February 11, 2020

Spiraling.

This is coolbert:

Spiraling out of control it is fear. Cooler heads are NOT prevailing. Turk-Syrian confrontation with open warfare. And now further escalation. Syrian Mi-17 gone. Helicopter shot down by Turkish backed anti-Assad rebels.

Thanks to DEBKAfile here:

"Turkish-backed rebels down Syrian helicopter"

"Amid spiraling clashes in the Syrian northwestern province of Idlib, Turkish-backed rebels Tuesday shot down a Syrian Mi-17 helicopter near the town of Nerab, the day after 5 Turkish soldiers were killed by government forces"

NO mention as to which anti-Assad group shot down the Syrian Mi-17. Al-Nusra? Uighur proxies of the Turk? Etc.

Expect tit-for-tit retaliation to continue!

 coolbert.


B & C.

This is coolbert: 

The Syrian civil war the international dimension. Turk versus Syrian.

See as are most applicable recent blog entries here and here.

MILITARY ESCALATION IN AN AREA OF SYRIA AS INTERNATIONALLY AGREED UPON A DE-ESCALATION ZONE. HARDLY THAT ANY MORE.

Thanks to various Iranian and Russian Internet media outlets and not in any chronological order:

1. "Turkey warns of 'Plan B' amid Syria's anti-terror operation in Idlib"

2. "Turkey strikes Syrian Army positions after ‘5 troops killed in shelling’"  

3. "Turkish Army Destroys 101 Targets in Syria in Response to Attack on Its Servicemen in Idlib - MoD"

4. "Turkish MoD Claims Its Observation Post in Idlib Attacked by Syrian Gov't Forces"

DE-ESCALATION ZONE NOW AN ESCALATION ZONE AND THE TURK-UIGHUR CONNECTION TO SOME DEGREE IS TO BLAME?

coolbert.



Sarin.

This is coolbert:

IMPLAUSIBLE TO IMPOSSIBLE?

Devoted readers to the blog will have to decide this for themselves

As per the wiki entry for the Hazara proxy mercenary combat units active in the Syrian civil war:

"Pro-Syrian opposition media has claimed, based off photographs, that Liwa Fatemiyoun fighters use Sarin gas grenades."

HAND GRENADES AS CARRIED BY THE INDIVIDUAL FIGHTER BUT ABLE TO RELEASE POISON GAS OF THE MOST LETHAL VARIETY, A WEAPON OF MASS DESTRUCTION!!

COULD IT BE SO?

From several unverified and unsubstantiated and perhaps even disreputable sources:

1. "Saraqeb Sarin Incident: The Magic Grenades"

2. "Alleged 'sarin gas hand grenade' is most likely a non-lethal crowed [sic] control grenade"

ANY NERVE AGENT TO INCLUDE SARIN REQUIRES SPECIAL STORAGE AT ALL TIMES. TROOPS USING SARIN MUST BE SUITABLY MASKED AND SUITED PRIOR TO EMPLOYMENT. SARIN HAND GRENADE CARRIED BY THE INDIVIDUAL TROOP AS IS SUGGESTED AGAIN "IMPLAUSIBLE TO IMPOSSIBLE".

Consider all of this a non-starter from my perspective.

coolbert.



Hip.

This is coolbert:

Hip and sons of Hip. The saga continues.

Over fifty years of production and still going strong. Production of a military combat warplane continues and evidently unabated.

America has the B-52 bomber of ancient vintage. The Soviet first and now the Russian have the Mi-8 Hip helicopter.

Getting new life it seems and still robust. Thanks to the Internet web site Strategy Page.

"Special Operations: Spetsnaz Special Mi-8"

"February 9, 2020: The Russian military is receiving ten Mi-8AMTSh-VN special operations helicopters in 2020. These were ordered in 2019 and are already being assembled. These helicopters were a response to demands from special operations (spetsnaz) troops for something comparable to the all-weather helicopters Western commandos have been using for years."

Military helicopter as designated a special operations type warplane. To be used by Russian spetsnaz ranger/commando type units.

BUT NOT STRICTLY FOR USE SPECIAL OPERATIONS. ARCTIC WARFARE ALSO A POSSIBLE.

New wine in the old bottle? An existing warplane with considerable modification and improvements and voila' you have much dangerous, versatile and durable machine. Still in production again even after fifty years. Amazing!

coolbert.


Airbus-320.

This is coolbert:

See my previous blog entry.

And now for the rest of the story! Seems Syrian air defense forces their hands not so dirty. Skittish and trigger-happy air defense troops having good reason for being "skittish and trigger-happy".

Thanks to various Russian Internet media outlets.

"Watch Airbus-320 With 172 Passengers Land at Hmeymim Airbase Trying to Avoid Israeli Strike on Syria"

"The Russian Defence Ministry stated on 7 February that a civilian Airbus-320 with 172 passengers on board was nearly destroyed amid Israeli airstrikes near Damascus in the early hours of 6 February."

SYRIAN AIR DEFENSE TROOPS RESPONDING TO ISRAELI AIR ATTACK. AIRBUS-320 TAKING OFF DURING A TIME OF ACTUAL COMBAT OPERATIONS.

IT IS REASONABLE TO ASK IF THE ISRAELI ATTACK OCCURRED AT THAT EXACT MOMENT IN A DELIBERATE MANNER. USE THE AIRBUS AS A "HUMAN SHIELD" SO TO SPEAK.

See also that incident not so long ago a Russian military reconnaissance/intelligence warplane shot down by Syrian air defense. Situation quite similar as with the Airbus.

coolbert.




Monday, February 10, 2020

Children.

This is coolbert:

We have the instance of the senior Canadian military officer of some importance behaving badly. We also have the case of the senior American military officer behaving badly.

The researcher!! That is what they always say. I was just doing research.

"Air Force Colonel Set To Take Command Of Air Force One Base Jailed For Five Years On Child Pornography Charges"

"A decorated U.S. Air Force colonel slated to take command of the base that hosts Air Force One [AF 1] has been sentenced to five years in prison for receiving child pornography."

HARDLY ARE YOU GOING TO FIND ANYWHERE AN OFFICER WITH GREATER RESPONSIBILITY THAN THIS MAN, NOW DISGRACED AND DISHONORED AND IN THE EXTREME.

SECURITY CONCERNS OF COMPROMISE MOST GRAVE AND HOW LONG WAS THIS GOING ON FOR?

coolbert.







Almost.

This is coolbert:

Nearly once more! Civilian airliner targeted by air defense forces. Disastrous consequences narrowly averted.

"Russia Says Syrian Air Defenses Nearly Hit Airliner Near Damascus"

"An Airbus A320 airliner with 172 passengers on board has made an emergency landing in the Russian-controlled Khmeimim air base after Syrian air defenses nearly hit it, Russian news agencies have quoted a Defense Ministry spokesman as saying"

Think that most recent shoot-down of the Ukrainian airliner by the air defense forces of the Iranian Republic.

Skittish and trigger-happy Syrians mistaking a commercial aircraft for an intruder enemy warplane. Attempting to operate a commercial aircraft in a war-zone obviously a matter fraught with great danger.

coolbert.





Hazara.

This is coolbert:

Home James!

A characteristic aspect of the Syrian Civil War the presence and participation of foreign interventionists and the presence and participation of the PROXIES of foreign interventionists.

Now the PROXIES of foreign interventionists go home. And what awaits them?

THE HAZARA OF AFGHAN!

"The Return Of Pro-Iranian Militia Fighters To Afghanistan Fuels Fears In Kabul, Washington"

"When Syria’s civil war erupted, Iran’s powerful Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) recruited, trained, and deployed thousands of Shi’ite fighters to prop up the regime of President Bashar al-Assad. Among them was the Fatemiyoun Brigade, comprised mainly of Afghans from the country's Shi'ite Hazara minority."

Hazara predominantly Shia Muslims in a nation [Afghan] of predominantly Sunnia Muslims. Hazara to a degree outcasts, despised and discriminated against in their own land. Reputed to be descendants of the army of Genghis Khan. Recruited by the Iran to fight as proxies in the Syrian Civil War. Their role in the fighting now at and end. How they will be received a question that remains to be answered.

coolbert.


Reinforcements.

This is coolbert:

As is pertinent to the topic of a most recent blog entry:

"Syria war: Turkey sends military reinforcements to Idlib"

"Turkey has sent reinforcements to its forces in the Idlib province of Syria, the last rebel-held region in the country. The armoured vehicles and tanks were headed for the observation posts that Turkey has already set up in the province, following an advance by Syrian government forces that could pave the way for them to mount an offensive on the provincial capital. But as Al Jazeera's Sinem Koseoglu reports, Turkey is determined to stop that."

Confrontation between the Turk and Syrian continues. Further combat operations imminent unless cooler heads prevail. Retaliation as was promised by the Sultan in Angora forthcoming? Mere posturing however a possible? We shall see.

coolbert.






Tuesday, February 4, 2020

Casualties.

This is coolbert:

The Turk moves south. Now battlefield deaths for which retaliation has been promised.

Thanks to the CNN. This cannot be good.

"Turkey suffers first deaths in direct combat with Syria since start of war"

"Istanbul, Turkey (CNN) Five Turkish soldiers and one civilian personnel were killed in Syria on Sunday, Turkey's first fatalities as a result of direct confrontation between the countries since the start of Syria's civil war in 2011".

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan promises retaliation and has told the Russia: "not stand in our way.".

Turkey will invoke Article Five of the NATO charter? Turkey will demand solidarity, aid and assistance from the constituent members of NATO? Nations treaty bound their dilemma will be great?

coolbert.




Monday, February 3, 2020

Strangle.

This is coolbert:

"The Governor General [Canada] revoked Williams' commission and, later, medals, and he was expelled from the Canadian Forces for service misconduct, the most serious extant charge. After being returned to the Forces, his uniform was burned, his medals were cut into pieces, and his commission scroll (the instrument of his commission) was shredded; these actions being similar to a military degradation. His vehicle, a Pathfinder, was similarly crushed and scrapped."

The Canadian military man behaving badly. Very much so. Slightly was I aware of this troop. Canadian senior military man and a serial killer. 

Canadians are generally perceived [and rightly so] as being very nice people. With the exception in this particular instance of Russell Williams.

Russell Williams. Serial killer.

"Hours after the announcement of Williams' arrest, police services across the country reopened unsolved homicide cases involving young women in areas where Williams had previously been stationed. According to news reports, police began looking at other unsolved cases based on a full statement that Williams gave to police. David Russell Williams . . . an English-born Canadian convicted murderer and former Colonel in the Canadian Forces. From July 2009 until his arrest in February 2010, Williams commanded CFB Trenton, Canada's largest military airbase and a hub for the country's foreign and domestic air transport operations"

Senior officer Russell Williams and a man held in the highest possible repute by his superiors AND a man piloting senior VIP flights where the QUEEN OF ENGLAND and the PRIME MINISTER of Canada were passengers.

AND SUBSEQUENTLY A SUSPECT IN ADDITIONAL UNSOLVED MURDER CASES "IN AREAS WHERE WILLIAMS HAD PREVIOUSLY BEEN STATIONED.

Williams his crimes and modus operandi to a degree similar to the actions of the American soldier Eddie Leonski from the era of the Second World War.


Eddie Leonski the "Brownout Strangler". An American stationed in Australia during WW2 guilty of murdering local women. A man with obvious mental issues as they are deemed. Also as mentioned in the You Tube video having assaulted a woman [did not kill her] while state-side. The man had terrible conflicts of a mental nature. But during war-time you have to go with what you got.

Military personnel who are criminals are sometimes hard to catch? Move around a lot and make serious investigations difficult?

Military personnel supposed to comport themselves in a better manner and exercise a greater degree of self-discipline. But this is not always the case.

As it was with Leonski and also with Williams.

coolbert.



Saturday, February 1, 2020

Value.

This is coolbert:

More calculation within the context of the Battle of Jutland, 1916. The dollar value [2019 dollars American $] of those twenty-eight British battleships present at Jutland was?

The Grand Fleet [British] consisting of one-hundred fifty-one warships, twenty-eight of which classed as battleships.

Strictly with regard to British battleships at Jutland the cost of those massed vessels alone approximates to $SEVEN BILLION dollars American in current [2020] value.

Assumptions made.

1. British Grand Fleet at Jutland consisted of twenty-eight battleships.

2. Approximate cost [rough estimate] of each British battleship [1916] about two million English £ pounds.

3. One £ pound value in 1916 worth five American $ Dollars.

4. From an inflationary calculator an item costing one American $ dollar [1916] that same item would cost approximately twenty-five times in an American $ dollar [2020].

5. Calculation: Twenty-eight X two million X five X 25 approximately = $Seven billion American Dollars [2020].

A tidy sum whatever way you count and calculate, assumptions all approximate, again, strictly that amount for British battleships only.

Anybody have a problem with my methodology or calculations?

coolbert.


Hits.

This is coolbert:

"gunnery accuracy in the British and our [USN] Navy increased . . . 3000% in six years."

The big bore naval gun of a Dreadnought type battleship. Accuracy once found to be wanting and sorely lacking improved in a most marked manner in that decade just prior to the Great War [WW1].

From the outstanding Internet web site isegoria.net and thanks to same.

"The gun is mounted on an unstable platform"

"In Men, Machines, and Modern Times, Elting E. Morison looks at how we learn to live and work with innovation. He illustrates the three stages of users’ resistance to change — ignoring it, rational rebuttal, and name-calling — first with an example from naval history"

British naval officers pioneering developments in naval big bore gunner accuracy using revolutionary techniques and "innovation".

UNDENIABLY SO [?] THE ABILITY OF A NAVAL GUNNER TO HIT AN ENEMY TARGET MUCH ENHANCED. CONSIDER ALSO THE OUTCOME OF JUTLAND, HITS WITH REGARD TO ROUNDS FIRED. TAKING INTO CONSIDERATION ONLY NAVAL GUNFIRE FROM MAJOR CAPITAL SHIPS PRESENT AT JUTLAND:


Heavy Shells Fired at Jutland:

               15in     14in        13.5in     12in         11in

British      1239      42         1533      1784    

German                                           2424        1173

Heavy Shell Hits Received (Approximate):

                             British                  German

Battleships               29                         28
Battlecruisers           53                         70
Cruisers                   37                          1
Destroyers                1                           1

Total                       120                       100

HARDLY MORE THAN ONE ROUND IN FORTY AS FIRED FROM A BIG BORE NAVAL GUN AT JUTLAND A HIT TAKING INTO ACCOUNT THE RESULTS BOTH SIDES COMBINED! AND THIS AFTER MARKED IMPROVEMENT SO-CALLED? GERMANS THEIR ACCURACY SLIGHTLY BETTER!

THAT USE OF TORPEDOES ALSO THE NUMBER OF  HITS WITH REGARD TO LAUNCH CAN ONLY BE SEEN AS POOR:

 Torpedo Expenditure:

                                 British                       German

Fired                            94                             105
Hits Achieved                 6                                3


Very much less than ideal conditions present at Jutland. Gunners their ability to aim, shoot and hit the target made difficult in the extreme by a variety of circumstance, poor lighting, smoke, fog, uncertainty. Fog of war literally so.

coolbert.