This is coolbert:
"gunnery accuracy in the British and our [USN] Navy increased . . . 3000% in six years."
The big bore naval gun of a Dreadnought type battleship. Accuracy once found to be wanting and sorely lacking improved in a most marked manner in that decade just prior to the Great War [WW1].
From the outstanding Internet web site isegoria.net and thanks to same.
"The gun is mounted on an unstable platform"
"In Men, Machines, and Modern Times, Elting E. Morison looks at how we learn to live and work with innovation. He illustrates the three stages of users’ resistance to change — ignoring it, rational rebuttal, and name-calling — first with an example from naval history"
British naval officers pioneering developments in naval big bore gunner accuracy using revolutionary techniques and "innovation".
UNDENIABLY SO [?] THE ABILITY OF A NAVAL GUNNER TO HIT AN ENEMY TARGET MUCH ENHANCED. CONSIDER ALSO THE OUTCOME OF JUTLAND, HITS WITH REGARD TO ROUNDS FIRED. TAKING INTO CONSIDERATION ONLY NAVAL GUNFIRE FROM MAJOR CAPITAL SHIPS PRESENT AT JUTLAND:
Heavy Shells Fired at Jutland:
15in 14in 13.5in 12in 11in
British 1239 42 1533 1784
German 2424 1173
Heavy Shell Hits Received (Approximate):
Battleships 29 28
Battlecruisers 53 70
Cruisers 37 1
Destroyers 1 1
Total 120 100
HARDLY MORE THAN ONE ROUND IN FORTY AS FIRED FROM A BIG BORE NAVAL GUN AT JUTLAND A HIT TAKING INTO ACCOUNT THE RESULTS BOTH SIDES COMBINED! AND THIS AFTER MARKED IMPROVEMENT SO-CALLED? GERMANS THEIR ACCURACY SLIGHTLY BETTER!
THAT USE OF TORPEDOES ALSO THE NUMBER OF HITS WITH REGARD TO LAUNCH CAN ONLY BE SEEN AS POOR:
Fired 94 105
Hits Achieved 6 3
Very much less than ideal conditions present at Jutland. Gunners their ability to aim, shoot and hit the target made difficult in the extreme by a variety of circumstance, poor lighting, smoke, fog, uncertainty. Fog of war literally so.