“Schlieffen usually altered now and then the General Staff rides and war games . . . he often deliberately put difficulties before one commander, while he made the situation easier for the other.” - - Hermann von Kuhl.
Thanks here to the Al Nofi CIC article # 455 and as is germane to a previous blog entry:
"In 1905 Schlieffen ran his last war games. Several scenarios were played, in at least one of which the French were only played by a couple of junior staff officers, hardly a fair match against more seasoned and senior officers."
. . . .
"There is a good deal of evidence that, when designing war games, Schlieffen manipulated the combat outcomes to favor the offensive for the Germans, while downplaying French offensive capabilities."
THE GREAT GENERAL VON SCHLIEFFEN CHEATED?
War games as conducted by the German General Staff under the command of von Schlieffen were "manipulated" and "doctored" in the worse sense of those words?
PRODUCING A RESULT AS AGREEABLE TO VON SCHLIEFFEN HIGH ON THE AGENDA AND A MEASURE OF DUPLICITY TAKEN TO ENSURE SAME?
This is all too much!!