"All warfare is based on deception." "Hence, when able to attack, we must seem unable; when using our forces, we must seem inactive; when we are near, we must make the enemy believe we are far away; when far away, we must make him believe we are near." - - Sun Tzu.
DECEPTION as understood by Sun to include the concept of the DOOMED SPY.
"Having DOOMED SPIES, doing certain things openly for purposes of deception, and allowing our spies to know of them and report them to the enemy." - - Sun.
"We ostentatiously do thing calculated to deceive our own spies, who must be led to believe that they have been unwittingly disclosed. Then, when these spies are captured in the enemy's lines, they will make an entirely false report, and the enemy will take measures accordingly, only to find that we do something quite different." - - Tu Yu.
Deception as practiced by the Hittite against the Egyptian at Kadesh [1274 B. C.].
From the Internet web site "War On The Rocks" and the article by Mark Stout: "(W)ARCHIVES: BEATING THE SPIES".
The Hittite employing and quite successfully so a VERSION of the "doomed spy" as would have been recognized by Sun.
More to follow!