Thoughts on the military and military activities of a diverse nature. Free-ranging and eclectic.
Saturday, April 11, 2009
This is coolbert:
Concerning the Battle of the Atlantic, the German U-Boat campaign against allied shipping, and the usage of what became known as "wolf pack" tactics by Doenitz:
"The term wolf pack refers to the mass-attack tactics against convoys used by German U-boats of the KriegsMarine during the Battle of the Atlantic"
"Karl Dönitz used the term Rudel to describe his strategy of submarine warfare—Rudel translates best as 'pack' of animals and has become known in English as 'wolf pack'"
"U-boat movements were controlled by the . . . 'Commander of Submarines' . . . U-boats usually patrolled separately . . . only being ordered to congregate after one located a convoy and alerted the BdU, so a Rudel consisted of as many U-boats as could reach the scene of the attack."
U-Boats, normally operating SEPARATELY, but massing for a CONCERTED ATTACK upon an allied convoy only on orders of the central U-Boat command of the KriegsMarine.
And that first U-Boat to make contact with and shadow a convoy:
"send out homing signals to assemble the rest of the pack"
NO! Sending out a beacon for other U-Boats to "home" in upon was not an option? NOT used by the German submariners. This is a misconception.
Here, thanks to Harry and KTB http://www.sharkhunters.com - - we have the real story!! From a U-Boat commander, a flotilla commander, one that would know!!
"I did not hear any beacon during the last war." [World War Two that is]
This thanks to JO. Again, a German U-Boat commander, "a flotilla commander, a man - -[who] was in charge of assembling the wolf packs in the Arctic Ocean........... at age 95, still mentally as sharp as ever."
If any man would know, it is JO that would know!! NO beacons to gather the U-Boats for a mass attack. Was not used!!