Tuesday, February 12, 2019
J & K.
Lessons learned COIN! Counter-insurgency, Indian style.
As extracted from the Internet article in the nutshell highlights:
"CAMPAIGN IN JAMMU AND KASHMIR"
By MAJ Daniel G. Hodermarsky
"With the majority of U.S. Army operations over the past decade focused on counterinsurgency (COIN) operations, there is value in the study of other contemporary campaigns to increase the Army’s depth of understanding. India has conducted a COIN campaign in Jammu and Kashmir, also referred to as Kashmir, since 1989 . . . Operating in the context of fighting an insurgency on land disputed between two nuclear powers, India has adapted its operational approach over the conflict’s long history. The long-term commitment to the campaign in Jammu and Kashmir offers the U.S. Army a relevant, contemporary case study on COIN operations"
The U.S. Army can draw four lessons from India’s evolving operational approach.
* "First, India’s actions demonstrate that legitimacy cannot be assumed by the COIN force, but is determined by the populace in question."
* "Second, the campaign demonstrates that the military’s goal should be to work itself into the background, and allow the political factors to retain their primacy. "
* "Third, Kashmir also shows that security under the rule of law requires that security forces are held accountable for their actions, and that this process is as transparent as practical."
* "Finally, the COIN efforts in Kashmir serve as another reminder of the long term commitment required in order to be successful."
The image accompanying this blog entry the flag of the principality of Jammu and Kashmir as it was in 1936 during the British Raj.