This is coolbert:
"Iraq crisis: army deserter speaks out"
"A group of military deserters have painted a devastating picture of the ability of the Iraqi army to stand and fight, telling The Telegraph how entire divisions surrendered Mosul, Iraq's second city, without firing a single shot."
"Speaking from the Kurdish city of Erbil, the defectors accused their officers of cowardice and betrayal, saying generals in Mosul 'handed over' the city over to Sunni insurgents, with whom they shared sectarian and historical ties."
Position [general officer] based on personal fealty and loyalty to Maliki rather than merit and ability a major factor.